Spring is a hectic time for keen gardeners. There are many jobs to do in the garden and we are busy as bees. However, when it comes to planting, everything else can be left behind. The most important thing to do in spring is planting. It is a task that will pay off big dividends. To help you kickstart your garden, we created a planting guide for early spring.
What herbs to plant in spring:
Basil is one of the best selling herbs all over the world because it tastes so good. It’s easy to grow and loves warm weather, which makes it great for Australian homes. It has many varieties and can be grown both in containers and in the ground. Plant it in rich, well-drained soil and ensure 6-8 hours of sun. As easy as ABC!
Oregano is a perennial herb from the mint family. It blooms with purple flowers and can be a great addition to your garden. It tolerates shade and cold climates. It loves well-drained soil and tomato for a companion. It can be planted from September to November. It is easy to grow and gorgeous to look at. It’s a must for every garden.
Parsley is a necessary part of every kitchen. It has many health benefits and tastes great. But what about its needs? Actually, it’s pretty easy to grow. It loves rich soil and compost. It is best to plant it in September or October. Just keep it away from lettuce and you’ll be able to enjoy its benefits.
Thyme can be planted all year round but it is best to do it in September. Watering is almost unnecessary. Ït spreads, so leave about 20cm between each plant. It loves well-drained soil and little to no watering. It’s a low maintenance plant and is beautiful to look at. It’s also well-known for its culinary and medicinal uses.
One very important thing here is to water the seedlings regularly during the growing season.
Other than that, coriander needs mulch to prevent weeds, a sunny location and well-drained soil.
Coriander grows well with basil and mint.
Dill is best to be planted in September at approximately three times the diameter of the seed and 15cm between each plant. Also, plant them close together. Thus, when it’s windy the plants will support each other. As every herb, it loves sun but can tolerate partial sun. It can grow up to 1m tall, so make sure you choose the right spot in your garden. It grows well with broccoli and tomatoes. It is great for dips, salads and vegetable soups.
What vegetables to plant in spring:
Lettuce is one of our all-time favourite vegetables. It has many varieties and all of them taste great. It grows well when planted between September and November. It needs a little protection in early spring, but will not bolt. It will tell you when it needs water, as its leaves will wilt. Mulch will help conserve moisture. It’s easy to grow, but keep in mind to situate it properly, in the shade of taller plants, such as tomatoes and sweet corn.
Carrots can be planted almost all year round but they prefer colder weather. So, make sure you choose a month between September and October. They tolerate some shade but grow best in full sun. They are a root crop, so don’t add anything to the soil that contains nitrogen, as it will leave the roots underdeveloped. They also need damp soil. Great taste and a ton of vitamins await you!
Beets are best to be started directly in the garden. For areas with low moisture, you can soak the seeds for 24 hours before planting. After that, mulch and water well. If the weather is cooler, they will continue to get bigger. However, once the temperatures rise, you need to harvest them, unless you want them to go to waste. Beets are classified as a superfood, so don’t underestimate their nutritional value.
Radishes are great for mixed green salad in the spring. Same as the beets, they are extremely nutritious and that is why – a great addition to your garden. Sow them directly in well-draining soil to allow for root development. Keep the soil moist but don’t overwater them, as it will cause the roots to become underdeveloped.
Every child’s nightmare! However, we’re not children anymore and we appreciate the slightly bitter taste of broccoli. It’s best to plant broccoli undercover in seed trays in September and transplant it in the garden in October or November (for a temperate climate). Broccoli are easy to care for, just keep them well-watered as seedlings.
What fruits to plant in spring:
Pasta, pizza, lasagna – you need tomatoes for all of your favourite recipes! Luckily for you, tomatoes are relatively easy to grow. Start them in September indoors and transplant them in October or November (for a temperate climate). Provide them with 6 to 8 hours of sunlight daily. They need pruning and feeding. Check out here How to Prune Tomato Plants for Maximum Produce.
Just like tomatoes, eggplants don’t like cold temperatures. They also need to be started indoors in September and after that transplanted between October and December. Mulch eggplants immediately after transplanting and gently pull out weeds by hand. Eggplants are low-calorie, nutritious fruits that are a great source of vitamins. A great addition to your garden!
What to plant in spring according to your region:
Depending on which state of Australia you’re located in, here are the best herbs to plant in spring:
- North QLD, NT, and WA (wet and dry tropical climate) – basil, chives, dill, ginger, mint, oregano, chilli, parsley
- Sydney, coastal NSW, parts of Victoria (temperate climate) – basil, chives, mint, oregano, coriander, parsley, sage, dill, thyme
- Parts of Melbourne and Tasmania (cool climate) – basil, coriander, dill, chives, mint, oregano, parsley, thyme, sage
- Adelaide and Perth (Mediterranean climate) – basil, mint, oregano, chives, parsley, sage, coriander, dill, thyme
And here is what edibles to plant in spring, according to your region:
- North QLD, NT, and WA (wet and dry tropical climate) – beetroot, chilli, corn, cucumber, french beans, eggplant, lettuce, onions, radishes, spinach, squash, sweet potato, tomato, zucchini
- Sydney, coastal NSW, parts of Victoria (temperate climate) – beans, broccoli, capsicum, cucumber, eggplant, lettuce, onion, potato, pumpkin, radish, rhubarb, rosella, silverbeet, squash, sweet corn, sweet potato, tomato and zucchini
- Parts of Melbourne and Tasmania (cool climate) – cabbage, capsicum, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumber, eggplant, endive, leek, lettuce, onions, pak choi, peas, spinach, sweet corn, zucchini and tomato
- Adelaide and Perth (Mediterranean climate) – broccoli, carrot, celery, cucumber, lettuce, silverbeet, snow peas, spinach, sweet corn, zucchini and tomato